Cardiac Investigations

There is a wide array of cardiac investigations used by cardioloigsts for the diagnosis and management of heart conditions. The most powerful diagnotic tools for any physician are a comprehensive clinical history and physical examination.

In many healthcare settings the pressures of large numbers of patients and limited resources have led to an investigation-led approach to diagnosis. The reality of effective clinical assessment is that the probable diagnosis can be determined in 90% of cases by the clinical history and physical examination.

It is important to offer a patient-centred approach where the patient's symptoms, history and physical findings guide the doctor to perform the appropriate tests.

This section provides information on commonly performed cardiac investigations. The list is by no means exhaustive and in particular those tests which remain limited to experimental or research settings have not been included.

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